What is the acceptable body resistance range of a person to safely handle ESDS Devices? If not resistance, what is the acceptable voltage range of the person? What part of ANSI/ESD Standard does this fall into? Hope someone could help me with this. Just genuinely curious with this subject matter. Thank you!
That depends on a few things. First of all, you need to determine what is the sensitivity of the device you are going to handle. Let’s use the claim in ANSI/ESD S20.20 - 2021 of devices that are 100 volt HBM sensitive.
Now it depends on which system you used. A wrist strap system (including a garment system) or a footwear/flooring system.
For a wrist strap system, the maximum resistance to ground from a persons hands are listed at 3.5 x 10E7 ohms or 35 Megaohms. The information for this can be found in TR20.20. Since most, if not all, wrist straps systems have only a 1Megohm resistor, wrist straps systems meet this requirement.
For footwear/flooring systems it requires a two step process. First the total resistance from the hand to ground is less than 1x10E9 ohms. Then there is a body voltage test that must be done to ensure that a persons body voltage is less than 100 volts.
If you want to handle devices more sensitive, then the limits and requirements will change. For a typical wrist strap system, with a 1 Megohm resistor, the maximum body voltage is less than 10 volts. For footwear/flooring systems, the system resistance will be less than 1x10E9 ohms and the body voltage will be defined.
Thank you for this, John. The system we are using is a Wrist Strap System. Given that the maximum resistance to ground from a person’s hands is 35Mohms, what is the minimum in this case?
There is no minimum resistance. The resistance in a typical wrist strap is to limit current that may flow through the body in case of a fault.